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Atlas ERA
View the map of the world with autonomies

Sorting by autonomy сharacteristics: Name of autonomy · Autonomy population

thousands of people; the latest census

· Year of the creation of the autonomy · Autonomy area · Share of the autonomy in the area of the country · Political regime in the country

It is based on the Freedom House Index, 2015. All countries of the world are located on a scale from 1 (most free) to 7 (least free). Countries whose ratings fall between 1.0 and 2.5 are “Free”, between 3.0 and 5.0 are "Partly Free," and those between 5.5 and 7.0 are "Not Free."

· Share of the autonomy in the population of the country · Share of the autonomy in the economy of the country

GRP of the autonomy divided to GDP of the country (%)

· Level of economic development of the autonomy

relative to the country (%): GRP per capita of the autonomy divided to GDP per capita of the country

· Share of the titular ethnic group in the population of the autonomy

in %: population size of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy divided to overal population size of the autonomy (the latest census; expert estimations)

· Ethnic peculiarity

It indicates a key characteristic of autonomy's ethnic identity - language or religion or both

· Diversity of ethnic composition

The presence of other (in addition to the titular group in the autonomy and the dominant group in the country) significant ethnic groups in the population of the autonomy

· Degree of self-rule of the autonomy

It is based on the Regional Authority Index project that aims at measuring the powers of all the regions in 81 countries. Here the index "tier_selfrule" (2010) is used. It summarizes five dimensions of self-rule: institutional depth; policy scope; fiscal autonomy; borrowing autonomy; and the extent to which a region has an independent legislature and executive. The index takes value from 0 to 18

· Degree of shared-rule of the autonomy

It is based on the Regional Authority Index project that aims at measuring the powers of all the regions in 81 countries. Here the index "tier_sharedrule" (2010) is used. It summarizes five dimensions of shared-rule: participation of a region in national law-making; intergovernmental meetings; the distribution of national tax revenues; borrowing; and constitutional change. The index takes value from 0 to 12

· The presence of the "kin-state"

"Kin-state" is a state whose main population shares the ethnic characteristics of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy

· Linguistic preferences

It indicates how the language of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy is learned in secondary schools in the autonomy

· Ethnic conflicts

It indicates whether the serious conflicts between the autonomy and the central government as well as between ethnic groups within the authority take place in 2001-2015. The level of conflict is determined on the basis of the annual reports of Conflict Barometer


  • The overseas community of France, which has expanded rights in comparison with the rest of departments. Of all five overseas communities, only French Polynesia has a special status of "overseas country”. It includes approximately 130 Pacific...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Australia and Oceania

    Population: 259 704,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1946
    Autonomy area: 4 167,0 km²
  • One of the five regions with a special status in the Italian Republic, Friuli Venezia Giulia is located in the north-eastern part of the country, between the Italian region of Veneto and the border with Austria and Slovenia. It is relatively developed ...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Europe | Italy

    Population: 1 218 985,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1963
    Autonomy area: 7 845,0 km²
  • The autonomous region in Moldova, established in 1994. The Gagauzes define themselves as independent people formed by the Northern Turk tribes in the 10th century. From 1400 to 1812 Gagauzes were under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, and afterward, the...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Europe | Moldova

    Population: 155 646,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1994
    Autonomy area: 1 832,0 km²
  • One of the 17 autonomous communities of Spain, located in the north-east of the Iberian Peninsula. It was created in 1978 in the process of adoption of a new Constitution that marked the end of the dictatorship of General F. Franco and the beginning of...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Europe | Spain

    Population: 2 772 928,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1981
    Autonomy area: 29 434,0 km²
  • One of the nine ethnic regions of the country. It was established in 1994 after the overthrow of the military regime of the Derg and the coming to power of the EPRDF (The Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front). It is located in the west...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Africa | Ethiopia

    Population: 307 096,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1994
    Autonomy area: 25 802,0 km²
  • One of the 29 states of India, Goa is located in the south-west of the country. It is the smallest in the area and one of the smallest by population. In contrast to rest of India, since 1510 Goa was a colony of Portugal. In 1961, India established cont...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Asia | India

    Population: 1 347 668,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1987
    Autonomy area: 3 702,0 km²
  • An autonomous region of Tajikistan that occupies 45% of the country. It is located in the Pamir Mountains. It has territorial borders with several states, such as Kyrgyzstan, China and Afghanistan. It was formed in 1925 as an autonomous region within t...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Asia | Tajikistan

    Population: 204 800,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1994
    Autonomy area: 64 100,0 km²
  • Autonomous territory, subordinate to the Kingdom of Denmark. It is located in the Arctic, on the largest island in the world. From the physical-geographical point of view, it belongs to North America, but historically it gravitates towards Europe. Gree...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Europe | Denmark

    Population: 57 600,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1978
    Autonomy area: 2 166 086,0 km²
  • One of the five autonomous regions of China, Guangxi Zhuang is located in the south of the country, on the border with Vietnam. Historically, it is the most connected with China among the autonomies. In 1952, the Guishi-Zhuang Autonomous Region was est...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Asia | China

    Population: 43 854 538,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1958
    Autonomy area: 235 001,0 km²
  • One of the 29 states of India, Gujarat is located in the west of the country. During the period of colonialism, it was part of the British colonial province of Bombay. It became independent as a result of the reorganization of the administrative-territ...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Asia | India

    Population: 50 671 000,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1960
    Autonomy area: 196 024,0 km²
  • One of the three Indian autonomous regions (comarcas) of Panama. It is located on the Atlantic coast of Panama and separated from the central part of the country by tropical forests. The titular ethnic group is the Indigenous Kuna, who make up more tha...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    America | Panama

    Population: 33 109,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1953
    Autonomy area: 2 393,0 km²
  • One of the nine ethnic regions of the country. It was established in 1994 after the overthrow of the military regime of the Derg and the coming to power of the EPRDF (The Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front).Harari region is the main ...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Africa | Ethiopia

    Population: 183 415,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1994
    Autonomy area: 311,0 km²
  • One of the 22 republics of the Russian Federation. It is located in the North Caucasus, on the northern slopes of the foothills of the Greater Caucasus Range, in its central part. In 1921-1924, Ingushetiya was a part of the Mountain ASSR. In 1924, in c...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Russia

    Population: 412 529,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1992
    Autonomy area: 3 750,0 km²
  • One of the five autonomous regions of China, Inner Mongolia is located in the north of the country and borders Mongolia and Russia; it is second largest China's province by area. Inner Mongolia is rich in coal, gas, and other natural resources. Eco...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Asia | China

    Population: 23 323 347,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1947
    Autonomy area: 1 181 104,0 km²
  • One of the 29 and the northernmost state of India bordering China and Pakistan, Jammu and Kashmir plays an essential role as a buffer zone with neighboring states. In the XIX century, it was ruled by the British Empire. With the division of British Ind...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Asia | India

    Population: 10 143 700,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1947
    Autonomy area: 222 236,0 km²
  • The only autonomous oblast in the Russian Federation. It is located in the southern part of the Russian Far East. In the south, it borders on the Amur River coincides with the state border of Russia and China. The titular ethnic group is the Jews. The ...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Russia

    Population: 176 558,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1992
    Autonomy area: 36 000,0 km²
  • One of the 26 cantons of Switzerland, Jura is located in the north-west of the country on the border with France. Until 1815, Jura was an autonomous political entity run by the prince-bishop of Basel, but after the Congress of Vienna, it was annexed to...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Europe | Switzerland

    Population: 70 032,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1979
    Autonomy area: 838,0 km²
  • One of the 22 republics of the Russian Federation. It is located in the North Caucasus, borders on the west with Karachay-Cherkessia, in the north with the Stavropol Krai, in the east and the southeast, with North Ossetia and Georgia in the south. In 1...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Russia

    Population: 859 939,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1992
    Autonomy area: 12 500,0 km²
  • One of the seven ethnic states of Myanmar. It is a part of the Upper Burma region. Kachin is located in the north of the country, on the border with China. It has rich deposits of minerals, especially jade. This contributed to the development of illega...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Asia | Myanmar

    Population: 1 689 654,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1947
    Autonomy area: 87 808,0 km²
  • One of the 22 republics of the Russian Federation. It is located in the southeast of the European part of Russia. It borders on the South with the Republic of Dagestan, in the south-west - with the Stavropol Krai, in the west - with the Rostov Oblast, ...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Russia

    Population: 289 481,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1992
    Autonomy area: 76 100,0 km²
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Autonomy population
Артикул: Все · 1920s (1) · 1940s (20) · 1950s (8) · 1960s (10) · 1970s (19) · 1980s (14) · 1990s (61) · 2000s (6)
Вес: Все · 2.0 (1) · 2.5 (1) · 3.0 (2) · 4.0 (8) · 5.0 (1) · 6.0 (6) · 6.5 (1) · 7.0 (2) · 8.0 (6) · 9.0 (2) · 10.0 (3) · 99.0 (106)
Цена:
Доля автономии в экономике страны: Все · . . 0-0,5% (36) · . 0,5-1,0% (16) · . 1,0-3,0% (26) · . 3,0-6,0% (14) · . 6,0-10,0% (7) · 10,0-20,0% (5) · more than 20,0% (7)
Уровень экономического развития автономии: Все · . 0-50% (25) · . 50-70% (16) · . 70-80% (13) · . 80-100% (20) · 100-140% (21) · more than 140% (13)
Доля титульной этнической группы в населении автономии: Все · 0-10% (5) · 10-25% (9) · 25-40% (20) · 40-60% (24) · 60-70% (16) · 70-80% (12) · 80-90% (14) · more than 90% (23)
Этническая специфика: Все · Language (56) · Language and religion (77) · Religion (6)
Разнородность этнического состава: Все · No (86) · Yes (53)
Степень самостоятельности автономии: Все · 06 (3) · 09 (1) · 10 (1) · 11 (5) · 12 (2) · 14 (6) · 15 (9) · 16 (1) · 17 (3) · 18 (2)
Наличие "Родственного государства": Все · No (124) · Yes (15)
Языковые преференции: Все · Compulsory (59) · No (9) · Optional (66)
Этнические конфликты: Все · No (80) · Yes (59)
 
The project is supported by the
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Russia, 614990, Perm,
Lenina street, 13a
http://www.permsc.ru/
Expert network for the
identity research
http://identityworld.ru/
Идентичность © 2009 - 2020
Description of parameters of autonomies Autonomy population

thousands of people; the latest census

Level of economic development of the country

GDP per capita in 2015 in current price in $

Political regime in the country

It is based on the Freedom House Index, 2015. All countries of the world are located on a scale from 1 (most free) to 7 (least free). Countries whose ratings fall between 1.0 and 2.5 are “Free”, between 3.0 and 5.0 are "Partly Free," and those between 5.5 and 7.0 are "Not Free."

Share of the autonomy in the economy of the country

GRP of the autonomy divided to GDP of the country (%)

Level of economic development of the autonomy

relative to the country (%): GRP per capita of the autonomy divided to GDP per capita of the country

Share of the dominant in the country ethnic group in the population of the autonomy

in %: population size of the dominant in the country ethnic group divided to overal population size of the autonomy (the latest census; expert estimations)

Share of the titular ethnic group in the population of the autonomy

in %: population size of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy divided to overal population size of the autonomy (the latest census; expert estimations)

Ethnic peculiarity

It indicates a key characteristic of autonomy's ethnic identity - language or religion or both

Diversity of ethnic composition

The presence of other (in addition to the titular group in the autonomy and the dominant group in the country) significant ethnic groups in the population of the autonomy

Degree of self-rule of the autonomy

It is based on the Regional Authority Index project that aims at measuring the powers of all the regions in 81 countries. Here the index "tier_selfrule" (2010) is used. It summarizes five dimensions of self-rule: institutional depth; policy scope; fiscal autonomy; borrowing autonomy; and the extent to which a region has an independent legislature and executive. The index takes value from 0 to 18

Degree of shared-rule of the autonomy

It is based on the Regional Authority Index project that aims at measuring the powers of all the regions in 81 countries. Here the index "tier_sharedrule" (2010) is used. It summarizes five dimensions of shared-rule: participation of a region in national law-making; intergovernmental meetings; the distribution of national tax revenues; borrowing; and constitutional change. The index takes value from 0 to 12

The presence of the "kin-state"

"Kin-state" is a state whose main population shares the ethnic characteristics of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy

Linguistic preferences

It indicates how the language of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy is learned in secondary schools in the autonomy

Ethnic conflicts

It indicates whether the serious conflicts between the autonomy and the central government as well as between ethnic groups within the authority take place in 2001-2015. The level of conflict is determined on the basis of the annual reports of Conflict Barometer

Description of parameters of autonomies