One of the 22 republics of the Russian Federation. It is located in the center of the European part of Russia, in the Volga-Vyatka region.
Chuvash Autonomous Oblast was established in 1920, and in 1925 it was transformed into the Chuvash Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. In 1990, the Supreme Council of Chuvashia adopted the Declaration on State Sovereignty, the Chuvash Soviet Socialist Republic was transformed into the Chuvash Republic.
The titular ethnic group is the Chuvash people - a Turkic-speaking people of Suvor-Bulgar origin. Chuvash people are divided into two main sub-ethnic groups along the Volga: upper (Virjal) in the west and north-west of Chuvashia, grass-roots (Anatri ) - in the south. In addition, in the center of the republic, a group of middle-ranking Chuvashes (Anat jenci) is singled out. Language is the defining marker of Chuvash differences from the titular nation of the country. The Chuvash language is the representative of the Bulgarian group of Turkic languages. It has two dialects: the upper (Viryal) and the lower (Anatri). It is the only living language of this group. In general, Chuvash people profess Orthodox Christianity, however, there are adherents of traditional beliefs and Muslims.
According to the results of the 2010 All-Russian Population Census, Chuvash people are the most numerous group in the population of the republic (67.7%), while Russians make up 26.9%.
Traditionally, Chuvashia is one of the regions with a favorable situation in inter-ethnic relations.