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Rodrigues

  • Description
  • Parameters of the autonomy
  • Illustrations
  • Comments

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Rodrigues

Description of the autonomy

One of the autonomous Outer Islands in the Republic of Mauritius, in fact - the only real autonomy within the state, Rodrigues Island is located in the Indian Ocean, 560 kilometers from the island of Mauritius.

In the late 1960s and early 1970s, in the context of the conflict between the Creole and Indian communities in Mauritius, Rodrigues held a series of demonstrations in support of the idea of ​​the island's complete independence from the state of Mauritius. The autonomous status was granted in 2002 as a part of the general policy towards reaching a compromise and agreement between the various ethnic communities of the Republic of Mauritius.

Unlike the main ethnic group of the country (Indo-Mauritius), 90% of the population of the island of Rodrigues are Creoles of African descent. Accordingly, the key differences are related to the racial type, as well as to religion (Indomavricans profess Hinduism, and Rodrigues residents are mostly Catholics). The language gap between the population of Rodrigues and the population of Mauritius is insignificant: both speak slightly different versions of Creolian.

At one time, the population of Rodrigues to a lesser extent than the population of Mauritius supported the idea of ​​independence from Britain. At present, the issue of sovereignty from Mauritius or the expansion of its autonomous status is not a primary base for the political split in Rodrigues.

Autonomy's characteristics

  • Year of the creation of the autonomy:
  • Geographic
  • Where is the autonomy situated:
  • Autonomy area: km²
  • Share of the autonomy in the area of the country: %
  • Autonomy population:the latest census thousands of people
  • Share of the autonomy in the population of the country: %
  • Country's characteristics
  • Level of economic development of the country:GDP per capita in 2015 in current price in $ in $
  • Political regime in the country:It is based on the Freedom House Index, 2015. All countries of the world are located on a scale from 1 (most free) to 7 (least free). Countries whose ratings fall between 1.0 and 2.5 are “Free”, between 3.0 and 5.0 are "Partly Free," and those between 5.5 and 7.0 are "Not Free."
  • Economic
  • Share of the autonomy in the economy of the country:GRP of the autonomy divided to GDP of the country (%) %
  • Level of economic development of the autonomy:relative to the country (%): GRP per capita of the autonomy divided to GDP per capita of the country %
  • Ethnic
  • Share of the dominant in the country ethnic group in the population of the autonomy:in %: population size of the dominant in the country ethnic group divided to overal population size of the autonomy (the latest census; expert estimations) %
  • Share of the titular ethnic group in the population of the autonomy:in %: population size of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy divided to overal population size of the autonomy (the latest census; expert estimations) %
  • Ethnic peculiarity:It indicates a key characteristic of autonomy's ethnic identity - language or religion or both
  • Diversity of ethnic composition:The presence of other (in addition to the titular group in the autonomy and the dominant group in the country) significant ethnic groups in the population of the autonomy
  • Political
  • Degree of self-rule of the autonomy:It is based on the Regional Authority Index project that aims at measuring the powers of all the regions in 81 countries. Here the index "tier_selfrule" (2010) is used. It summarizes five dimensions of self-rule: institutional depth; policy scope; fiscal autonomy; borrowing autonomy; and the extent to which a region has an independent legislature and executive. The index takes value from 0 to 18
  • Degree of shared-rule of the autonomy:It is based on the Regional Authority Index project that aims at measuring the powers of all the regions in 81 countries. Here the index "tier_sharedrule" (2010) is used. It summarizes five dimensions of shared-rule: participation of a region in national law-making; intergovernmental meetings; the distribution of national tax revenues; borrowing; and constitutional change. The index takes value from 0 to 12
  • The presence of the "kin-state":"Kin-state" is a state whose main population shares the ethnic characteristics of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy
  • Linguistic preferences:It indicates how the language of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy is learned in secondary schools in the autonomy
  • Ethnic conflicts:It indicates whether the serious conflicts between the autonomy and the central government as well as between ethnic groups within the authority take place in 2001-2015. The level of conflict is determined on the basis of the annual reports of Conflict Barometer

Illustration

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Added by: LDMitay, 16.11.2017

 
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