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Nagaland

  • Description
  • Parameters of the autonomy
  • Illustrations
  • Comments

Autonomy’s map

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Nagaland

Description of the autonomy

One of the 29 states of India, Nagaland is located in the north-east of the country on the border with Myanmar. In the colonial period, this territory was a part of Assam with a special status of the border area. After India gained independence, the indigenous population of the Naga began to struggle for the creation of their state. An active rebel movement forced the central government to make concessions; as a result, in 1963 Nagaland eventually was recognized a state.

The titular group is the Naga people, who make up about half of the state's population. The Naga languages ​​belong to the Sino-Tibetan language family; consequently, linguistically the titular group differs considerably from the majority of the country who speaks Hindi. Religiously, most of the Naga are Christians, their proportion in the state is 90%. The specificity of the titular group, however, is that Naga is poorly consolidated. Despite the kinship of languages ​​and the commonality of cultural traditions, more than a dozen Naga tribes live in isolation from each other. Also, the Naga tribes are scattered across the province, and about half of the entire Naga population reside in the neighboring states of Assam and Manipur. At the same time, almost half of the state population consists of representatives of various small tribes, none of which exceeds 5% of the total.

Despite obtaining the status of the state, the conflict in Nagaland persists. To a large extent, the tensions are due to the weak consolidation of the Naga people. Frequent fractures are endemic to insurgent Naga movements; hence, when the government manages to reach an agreement with one group, others continue the armed struggle. The dispersed localization of the Naga also has negative consequences for interethnic relations. Radical groups demand the creation of a "big Nagaland" that would unite all the Naga, but the central government does not agree with this proposal since other people live in the state side by side to Naga.

Autonomy's characteristics

  • Year of the creation of the autonomy:
  • Geographic
  • Where is the autonomy situated:
  • Autonomy area: km²
  • Share of the autonomy in the area of the country: %
  • Autonomy population:the latest census thousands of people
  • Share of the autonomy in the population of the country: %
  • Country's characteristics
  • Level of economic development of the country:GDP per capita in 2015 in current price in $ in $
  • Political regime in the country:It is based on the Freedom House Index, 2015. All countries of the world are located on a scale from 1 (most free) to 7 (least free). Countries whose ratings fall between 1.0 and 2.5 are “Free”, between 3.0 and 5.0 are "Partly Free," and those between 5.5 and 7.0 are "Not Free."
  • Economic
  • Share of the autonomy in the economy of the country:GRP of the autonomy divided to GDP of the country (%) %
  • Level of economic development of the autonomy:relative to the country (%): GRP per capita of the autonomy divided to GDP per capita of the country %
  • Ethnic
  • Share of the dominant in the country ethnic group in the population of the autonomy:in %: population size of the dominant in the country ethnic group divided to overal population size of the autonomy (the latest census; expert estimations) %
  • Share of the titular ethnic group in the population of the autonomy:in %: population size of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy divided to overal population size of the autonomy (the latest census; expert estimations) %
  • Ethnic peculiarity:It indicates a key characteristic of autonomy's ethnic identity - language or religion or both
  • Diversity of ethnic composition:The presence of other (in addition to the titular group in the autonomy and the dominant group in the country) significant ethnic groups in the population of the autonomy
  • Political
  • Degree of self-rule of the autonomy:It is based on the Regional Authority Index project that aims at measuring the powers of all the regions in 81 countries. Here the index "tier_selfrule" (2010) is used. It summarizes five dimensions of self-rule: institutional depth; policy scope; fiscal autonomy; borrowing autonomy; and the extent to which a region has an independent legislature and executive. The index takes value from 0 to 18
  • Degree of shared-rule of the autonomy:It is based on the Regional Authority Index project that aims at measuring the powers of all the regions in 81 countries. Here the index "tier_sharedrule" (2010) is used. It summarizes five dimensions of shared-rule: participation of a region in national law-making; intergovernmental meetings; the distribution of national tax revenues; borrowing; and constitutional change. The index takes value from 0 to 12
  • The presence of the "kin-state":"Kin-state" is a state whose main population shares the ethnic characteristics of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy
  • Linguistic preferences:It indicates how the language of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy is learned in secondary schools in the autonomy
  • Ethnic conflicts:It indicates whether the serious conflicts between the autonomy and the central government as well as between ethnic groups within the authority take place in 2001-2015. The level of conflict is determined on the basis of the annual reports of Conflict Barometer

Illustration

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Added by: LDMitay, 16.11.2017

 
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