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Arunachal Pradesh

  • Description
  • Parameters of the autonomy
  • Illustrations
  • Comments

Autonomy’s map

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Arunachal Pradesh

Description of the autonomy

One of 29 and the largest of all the northeastern states of India, Arunachal Pradesh borders the territories of three countries: Bhutan to the west, China to the north and northeast, and Myanmar to the east. In the XIX century, the northern part of the territory of the state belonged to Bhutan and Tibet; the remaining parts were under the control of the kingdom of Ahom (the state of Assamese) until the conquest of Assam by the British in 1858. In 1914 representatives of China, Tibet and Great Britain signed the Simla Convention. Its result was the border between India and Tibet, now known as the "MacMahon Line", not recognized by China. After the Sino-Indian border war of 1962, the territory remained under the control of India, and here the Union territory of Arunachal Pradesh was established. In 1986, it received state status.

There are 106 listed tribes on the territory of the state, the largest of which are Nuyshi, Adi (6 tribes), Galo, Tagin, Vancho, Apatani, and Monpa. Traditionally, it is customary to single out 25 main tribes and about 100 sub-tribal entities that speak more than 50 dialects of Tibet-Birman family. All the groups are close by ethnic origins, however they differ from each other by customs, traditions, and dialects largely due to the geographical isolation. Moreover, they adhere to different religions (Buddhism, Hinduism, Donyi-Polo). From the point of view of interethnic relations, the situation in the province is quite stable.

Autonomy's characteristics

  • Year of the creation of the autonomy:
  • Geographic
  • Where is the autonomy situated:
  • Autonomy area: km²
  • Share of the autonomy in the area of the country: %
  • Autonomy population:the latest census thousands of people
  • Share of the autonomy in the population of the country: %
  • Country's characteristics
  • Level of economic development of the country:GDP per capita in 2015 in current price in $ in $
  • Political regime in the country:It is based on the Freedom House Index, 2015. All countries of the world are located on a scale from 1 (most free) to 7 (least free). Countries whose ratings fall between 1.0 and 2.5 are “Free”, between 3.0 and 5.0 are "Partly Free," and those between 5.5 and 7.0 are "Not Free."
  • Economic
  • Share of the autonomy in the economy of the country:GRP of the autonomy divided to GDP of the country (%) %
  • Level of economic development of the autonomy:relative to the country (%): GRP per capita of the autonomy divided to GDP per capita of the country %
  • Ethnic
  • Share of the dominant in the country ethnic group in the population of the autonomy:in %: population size of the dominant in the country ethnic group divided to overal population size of the autonomy (the latest census; expert estimations) %
  • Share of the titular ethnic group in the population of the autonomy:in %: population size of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy divided to overal population size of the autonomy (the latest census; expert estimations) %
  • Ethnic peculiarity:It indicates a key characteristic of autonomy's ethnic identity - language or religion or both
  • Diversity of ethnic composition:The presence of other (in addition to the titular group in the autonomy and the dominant group in the country) significant ethnic groups in the population of the autonomy
  • Political
  • Degree of self-rule of the autonomy:It is based on the Regional Authority Index project that aims at measuring the powers of all the regions in 81 countries. Here the index "tier_selfrule" (2010) is used. It summarizes five dimensions of self-rule: institutional depth; policy scope; fiscal autonomy; borrowing autonomy; and the extent to which a region has an independent legislature and executive. The index takes value from 0 to 18
  • Degree of shared-rule of the autonomy:It is based on the Regional Authority Index project that aims at measuring the powers of all the regions in 81 countries. Here the index "tier_sharedrule" (2010) is used. It summarizes five dimensions of shared-rule: participation of a region in national law-making; intergovernmental meetings; the distribution of national tax revenues; borrowing; and constitutional change. The index takes value from 0 to 12
  • The presence of the "kin-state":"Kin-state" is a state whose main population shares the ethnic characteristics of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy
  • Linguistic preferences:It indicates how the language of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy is learned in secondary schools in the autonomy
  • Ethnic conflicts:It indicates whether the serious conflicts between the autonomy and the central government as well as between ethnic groups within the authority take place in 2001-2015. The level of conflict is determined on the basis of the annual reports of Conflict Barometer

Illustration

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Added by: LDMitay, 16.11.2017

 
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