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Andhra Pradesh

  • Description
  • Parameters of the autonomy
  • Illustrations
  • Comments

Autonomy’s map

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Andhra Pradesh

Description of the autonomy

One of the 19 states of India established on the basis of ethnicity, Andhra Pradesh ranks fifth by population (about 7% of Indians live here). Economically, it belongs to a group of regions with average wealth. It is located in the south of the Hindustan peninsula. Andhra Pradesh borders Orissa and Madhya Pradesh in the north, Maharashtra and Karnataka in the west, Tamil Nadu in the south. The capital is Hyderabad.

The dominant (titular) ethnic group is Telugu. The basis of ethnicity is the Telugu language, which has the status of an official regional language. Telugu is spoken by 84% of the state's population. The second most important language is Urdu, whose speakers comprise 8.6% of the population and profess Islam. Urdu has the status of an additional official language in those municipalities where its bearers are 15% or more of the population.

Although Andhra Pradesh was India's first linguistic state, the "gentlemen's agreement" on its creation (1956) did not fully take into account ethnic differences: Urdu-speaking Muslims were concentrated in Hyderabad and its surrounding districts, while Telugu-speaking Hindus resided in the ex-province of Andhra. Since the 1960s, the Urdu-speaking Muslims struggled for the division of the state and the creation of Telangana. It took several decades of confrontation, lengthy tripartite negotiations and agreements to establish the 29th state of Telangana out of ten predominantly Muslim and Urdu-speaking districts in February 2014.

Autonomy's characteristics

  • Year of the creation of the autonomy:
  • Geographic
  • Where is the autonomy situated:
  • Autonomy area: km²
  • Share of the autonomy in the area of the country: %
  • Autonomy population:the latest census thousands of people
  • Share of the autonomy in the population of the country: %
  • Country's characteristics
  • Level of economic development of the country:GDP per capita in 2015 in current price in $ in $
  • Political regime in the country:It is based on the Freedom House Index, 2015. All countries of the world are located on a scale from 1 (most free) to 7 (least free). Countries whose ratings fall between 1.0 and 2.5 are “Free”, between 3.0 and 5.0 are "Partly Free," and those between 5.5 and 7.0 are "Not Free."
  • Economic
  • Share of the autonomy in the economy of the country:GRP of the autonomy divided to GDP of the country (%) %
  • Level of economic development of the autonomy:relative to the country (%): GRP per capita of the autonomy divided to GDP per capita of the country %
  • Ethnic
  • Share of the dominant in the country ethnic group in the population of the autonomy:in %: population size of the dominant in the country ethnic group divided to overal population size of the autonomy (the latest census; expert estimations) %
  • Share of the titular ethnic group in the population of the autonomy:in %: population size of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy divided to overal population size of the autonomy (the latest census; expert estimations) %
  • Ethnic peculiarity:It indicates a key characteristic of autonomy's ethnic identity - language or religion or both
  • Diversity of ethnic composition:The presence of other (in addition to the titular group in the autonomy and the dominant group in the country) significant ethnic groups in the population of the autonomy
  • Political
  • Degree of self-rule of the autonomy:It is based on the Regional Authority Index project that aims at measuring the powers of all the regions in 81 countries. Here the index "tier_selfrule" (2010) is used. It summarizes five dimensions of self-rule: institutional depth; policy scope; fiscal autonomy; borrowing autonomy; and the extent to which a region has an independent legislature and executive. The index takes value from 0 to 18
  • Degree of shared-rule of the autonomy:It is based on the Regional Authority Index project that aims at measuring the powers of all the regions in 81 countries. Here the index "tier_sharedrule" (2010) is used. It summarizes five dimensions of shared-rule: participation of a region in national law-making; intergovernmental meetings; the distribution of national tax revenues; borrowing; and constitutional change. The index takes value from 0 to 12
  • The presence of the "kin-state":"Kin-state" is a state whose main population shares the ethnic characteristics of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy
  • Linguistic preferences:It indicates how the language of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy is learned in secondary schools in the autonomy
  • Ethnic conflicts:It indicates whether the serious conflicts between the autonomy and the central government as well as between ethnic groups within the authority take place in 2001-2015. The level of conflict is determined on the basis of the annual reports of Conflict Barometer

Illustration

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Added by: LDMitay, 16.11.2017

 
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