An autonomous Republic of Georgia is located in the south-west of the country. It has a territorial border with Turkey, in the west and north-west it is washed by the Black Sea. For a long time, the territory of modern Adzharia was part of the Ottoman Empire, at that time the population adopted Islam. In 1878, after the Russian-Turkish war, Adzharia was incorporated into Russia. Ethnoreligious specificity of Ajarans became the basis for the creation in 1921 of Adzharia as an autonomous republic. The language of Ajarans has practically no difference from Georgian. Religious differences gradually erased during the twentieth century. Nevertheless, the regional identity of Adjara is quite vividly expressed.
After the collapse of the USSR, the regional autonomy of Adjaria was confirmed. Moreover, in the period from 1991 to 2004, when A. Abashidze was the head of the republic, Adzharia turned into a virtually independent political entity. After the Georgian "Rose Revolution", during which Saakashvili came to power in Georgia, Abashidze was removed from power, and Adzharia was integrated into the political field of Georgia.
The modern ethnopolitical situation in the region is characterized by relative stability and the absence of pronounced conflicts.