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Chukotka

  • Description
  • Parameters of the autonomy
  • Illustrations
  • Comments

Autonomy’s map

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Chukotka

Description of the autonomy

It is located in the extreme north-eastern part of the country, bordering Yakutia, Magadan Oblast and Kamchatka Krai. In the east, it has a sea border with the USA. The entire territory of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug belongs to the regions of the Far North.

The Chukotka National Okrug was formed in 1930. At first, it was part of the Far Eastern Territory, repeatedly transferred to subordination to different areas afterwards, until it became a part of the Magadan Region in 1953. In 1992, the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug withdrew from the Magadan Oblast and received the status of a subordinate entity of the Russian Federation.

The titular ethnic group is the Chukchi people. Language is the defining marker of their differences from the titular nation of the country. The Chukchi language is part of the Chukotkan group (Chukotko-Kamchatkan family of languages). The Chukchi people retained elements of animistic pre-Christian beliefs, but as a result of Christianization in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, at present, mostly profess Orthodoxy.

According to the results of the All-Russian population census 2010, the Chukchi people make up 26.7% of the population of the Okrug, while the majority of the population are Russians (52.5%).

Chukotka is one of the regions with low inter-ethnic tensions.

Autonomy's characteristics

  • Year of the creation of the autonomy:
  • Geographic
  • Where is the autonomy situated:
  • Autonomy area: km²
  • Share of the autonomy in the area of the country: %
  • Autonomy population:the latest census thousands of people
  • Share of the autonomy in the population of the country: %
  • Country's characteristics
  • Level of economic development of the country:GDP per capita in 2015 in current price in $ in $
  • Political regime in the country:It is based on the Freedom House Index, 2015. All countries of the world are located on a scale from 1 (most free) to 7 (least free). Countries whose ratings fall between 1.0 and 2.5 are “Free”, between 3.0 and 5.0 are "Partly Free," and those between 5.5 and 7.0 are "Not Free."
  • Economic
  • Share of the autonomy in the economy of the country:GRP of the autonomy divided to GDP of the country (%) %
  • Level of economic development of the autonomy:relative to the country (%): GRP per capita of the autonomy divided to GDP per capita of the country %
  • Ethnic
  • Share of the dominant in the country ethnic group in the population of the autonomy:in %: population size of the dominant in the country ethnic group divided to overal population size of the autonomy (the latest census; expert estimations) %
  • Share of the titular ethnic group in the population of the autonomy:in %: population size of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy divided to overal population size of the autonomy (the latest census; expert estimations) %
  • Ethnic peculiarity:It indicates a key characteristic of autonomy's ethnic identity - language or religion or both
  • Diversity of ethnic composition:The presence of other (in addition to the titular group in the autonomy and the dominant group in the country) significant ethnic groups in the population of the autonomy
  • Political
  • Degree of self-rule of the autonomy:It is based on the Regional Authority Index project that aims at measuring the powers of all the regions in 81 countries. Here the index "tier_selfrule" (2010) is used. It summarizes five dimensions of self-rule: institutional depth; policy scope; fiscal autonomy; borrowing autonomy; and the extent to which a region has an independent legislature and executive. The index takes value from 0 to 18
  • Degree of shared-rule of the autonomy:It is based on the Regional Authority Index project that aims at measuring the powers of all the regions in 81 countries. Here the index "tier_sharedrule" (2010) is used. It summarizes five dimensions of shared-rule: participation of a region in national law-making; intergovernmental meetings; the distribution of national tax revenues; borrowing; and constitutional change. The index takes value from 0 to 12
  • The presence of the "kin-state":"Kin-state" is a state whose main population shares the ethnic characteristics of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy
  • Linguistic preferences:It indicates how the language of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy is learned in secondary schools in the autonomy
  • Ethnic conflicts:It indicates whether the serious conflicts between the autonomy and the central government as well as between ethnic groups within the authority take place in 2001-2015. The level of conflict is determined on the basis of the annual reports of Conflict Barometer

Illustration

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Added by: LDMitay, 16.11.2017

 
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