It is located in the extreme north-eastern part of the country, bordering Yakutia, Magadan Oblast and Kamchatka Krai. In the east, it has a sea border with the USA. The entire territory of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug belongs to the regions of the Far North.
The Chukotka National Okrug was formed in 1930. At first, it was part of the Far Eastern Territory, repeatedly transferred to subordination to different areas afterwards, until it became a part of the Magadan Region in 1953. In 1992, the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug withdrew from the Magadan Oblast and received the status of a subordinate entity of the Russian Federation.
The titular ethnic group is the Chukchi people. Language is the defining marker of their differences from the titular nation of the country. The Chukchi language is part of the Chukotkan group (Chukotko-Kamchatkan family of languages). The Chukchi people retained elements of animistic pre-Christian beliefs, but as a result of Christianization in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, at present, mostly profess Orthodoxy.
According to the results of the All-Russian population census 2010, the Chukchi people make up 26.7% of the population of the Okrug, while the majority of the population are Russians (52.5%).
Chukotka is one of the regions with low inter-ethnic tensions.