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Aruba

  • Description
  • Parameters of the autonomy
  • Illustrations
  • Comments

Autonomy’s map

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Aruba

Description of the autonomy

The former possession of the Netherlands, Aruba is located on the westernmost island in the ridge of the Lesser Antilles. It was established as a result of the transformation of the Netherlands' colonies in the Caribbean Sea. The latter wished to maintain their relationships with the former metropolis. In 1954, the Charter of the Kingdom of the Netherlands was adopted, according to which parts of it became the Netherlands itself - a state in Western Europe, another part being former colonial possessions referred as “countries”. Among the latter - the Netherlands Antilles in the Caribbean, which included Aruba. In 1985, Aruba, however, seceded from the Netherlands Antilles and was granted the status of a separate autonomous entity ("country") within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

The standard of living in Aruba is one of the highest in the region and comparable to the European one. The main industry is tourism; oil refining also remains a source of revenues.

The Aruban population is a mix of South American Indians, Europeans, and Africans (albeit to a much lesser extent than the rest Antilles). 66.3% of Aruba's population speak Creole in Papiamento, which belongs to Ibero-Roman family. Most Arubans know several languages ​. Since March 7, 2007, Papiamento in addition to the Dutch has been proclaimed the official language of Aruba.

Aruba is one of the few examples of the former colonies of European powers, whose people and authorities abandoned the previously proclaimed idea of ​​achieving political independence in favour of an autonomous status.

Autonomy's characteristics

  • Year of the creation of the autonomy:
  • Geographic
  • Where is the autonomy situated:
  • Autonomy area: km²
  • Share of the autonomy in the area of the country: %
  • Autonomy population:the latest census thousands of people
  • Share of the autonomy in the population of the country: %
  • Country's characteristics
  • Level of economic development of the country:GDP per capita in 2015 in current price in $ in $
  • Political regime in the country:It is based on the Freedom House Index, 2015. All countries of the world are located on a scale from 1 (most free) to 7 (least free). Countries whose ratings fall between 1.0 and 2.5 are “Free”, between 3.0 and 5.0 are "Partly Free," and those between 5.5 and 7.0 are "Not Free."
  • Economic
  • Share of the autonomy in the economy of the country:GRP of the autonomy divided to GDP of the country (%) %
  • Level of economic development of the autonomy:relative to the country (%): GRP per capita of the autonomy divided to GDP per capita of the country %
  • Ethnic
  • Share of the dominant in the country ethnic group in the population of the autonomy:in %: population size of the dominant in the country ethnic group divided to overal population size of the autonomy (the latest census; expert estimations) %
  • Share of the titular ethnic group in the population of the autonomy:in %: population size of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy divided to overal population size of the autonomy (the latest census; expert estimations) %
  • Ethnic peculiarity:It indicates a key characteristic of autonomy's ethnic identity - language or religion or both
  • Diversity of ethnic composition:The presence of other (in addition to the titular group in the autonomy and the dominant group in the country) significant ethnic groups in the population of the autonomy
  • Political
  • Degree of self-rule of the autonomy:It is based on the Regional Authority Index project that aims at measuring the powers of all the regions in 81 countries. Here the index "tier_selfrule" (2010) is used. It summarizes five dimensions of self-rule: institutional depth; policy scope; fiscal autonomy; borrowing autonomy; and the extent to which a region has an independent legislature and executive. The index takes value from 0 to 18
  • Degree of shared-rule of the autonomy:It is based on the Regional Authority Index project that aims at measuring the powers of all the regions in 81 countries. Here the index "tier_sharedrule" (2010) is used. It summarizes five dimensions of shared-rule: participation of a region in national law-making; intergovernmental meetings; the distribution of national tax revenues; borrowing; and constitutional change. The index takes value from 0 to 12
  • The presence of the "kin-state":"Kin-state" is a state whose main population shares the ethnic characteristics of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy
  • Linguistic preferences:It indicates how the language of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy is learned in secondary schools in the autonomy
  • Ethnic conflicts:It indicates whether the serious conflicts between the autonomy and the central government as well as between ethnic groups within the authority take place in 2001-2015. The level of conflict is determined on the basis of the annual reports of Conflict Barometer

Illustration

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Added by: LDMitay, 16.11.2017

 
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