One of the three Indian autonomous regions (comarcas) of Panama. It is located on the Atlantic coast of Panama and separated from the central part of the country by tropical forests. The titular ethnic group is the Indigenous Kuna, who make up more than 90% of the region's population.
The creation of the autonomy was the result of the long struggle of the Kuna Indians. From the very beginning of the creation of Panama in 1903, the central government, interested in building industrial facilities in the Indian territories, pursued a policy of assimilation against the indigenous Indian population. This caused the resistance of the Indians. They were supported by the United States, which were interested in the peaceful resolution of the conflict, and in 1953 a law was adopted to create autonomy (comarca) for the Kuna Indians.
The region retains traditional government agencies. A council of the tribes' chiefs functions there. Moreover, great attention is paid to the support of traditional culture and language. Economically, the comarca depends on the central government to a large extent.