One of the seven ethnic states of Myanmar. It is located in the south-east of the country. The titular group - Mon people - make up about 38% of the population of the state, interestingly, Burmese make up about the same number. There are also a lot of Karens living in the autonomy. Like Burmese, Mon profess Buddhism, but they differ in language. The language of the Mon people belongs to the Austro-Asian language family.
As an autonomous state, Mon was established in 1974 after a long period of confrontation and armed clashes between the central government and the insurgent groups of Mon people. However, the conflict continued.
In recent decades, in the context of the democratization process, attempts to restore balance in relations with ethnic groups have intensified. In 2016, with the aim of resolving the contradictions, the "The Union Peace Conference - 21st Century Panglong" began its work.