The former subject of the Russian Federation, one of the 6 Okrugs, liquidated as a result of the enlargement of the regions in 2003-2008. It was an independent subordinate entity of the Russian Federation and at the same time was part of the Perm Oblast. It was located in the upper basin of the Kama river. In 2003, a referendum was held, in which the residents of the Perm Oblast and the Komi-Permyak AO supported the merger into a single federation entity. Since December 1, 2005, the region has been merged with the Perm Oblast and has lost the status of a subordinate entity of the Russian Federation. At the confluence, the Perm Krai was formed. After the liquidation of the Okrug, 6 municipal districts remained in its territory, which together have a special status.
The Komi-Permyak National Okrug was established in 1925 as part of the Ural Region. Since 1938, it was a part of the Perm Oblast. In 1992, it became an independent subordinate entity of the federation, remaining at the same time as part of the Perm Oblast.
The titular ethnic group in the district were the Komi-Permyaks. According to the 2002 census, they accounted for 59% of the district's population. Language is the defining marker of their differences from the titular nation of the country. Komi-Permyak language belongs to the Ural language family. Most of the Komi-Permyaks profess Orthodox Christianity.