The former subordinate entity of the Russian Federation, one of the 6 districts, liquidated as a result of the enlargement of the regions in 2003-2008. It was simultaneously a part of the Krasnoyarsk Krai and an independent subordinate entity of the Russian Federation. The Evenk AD was located in Eastern Siberia. In 2005, a referendum was held, in which residents of the Krasnoyarsk Krai, the Taimyr and Evenki Okrugs supported the merger into a single federation entity. After the creation in 2007 of a new constituent entity of the Russian Federation, the territory of the Evenki Autonomous District (Okrug) became a municipal district of the Krasnoyarsk Krai.
The Evenki National Okrug was established in 1930. Originally it was part of the East Siberian Region with its center in Irkutsk, and in 1934 it was included in the Krasnoyarsk Krai. Since 1992, the Evenk Autonomous Okrug has existed as an independent subordinate entity of the Federation, remaining part of the Krasnoyarsk Territory.
The titular ethnic group in the district was the Evenks - the Siberian indigenous people, linked to the Manchus. The defining markers of their differences from the titular nation of the country are language and religion. The Evenki language belongs to the northern group of the Tungusic languages. The traditional Evenks religion is Shamanism, although a considerable part of the Evenks professed Orthodoxy. According to the 2002 census, the Evenks population in the Okrug was 21.5%, while Russians - 61.9%.