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Atlas ERA
View the map of the world with autonomies

Sorting by autonomy сharacteristics: Name of autonomy · Autonomy population

thousands of people; the latest census

· Year of the creation of the autonomy · Autonomy area · Share of the autonomy in the area of the country · Political regime in the country

It is based on the Freedom House Index, 2015. All countries of the world are located on a scale from 1 (most free) to 7 (least free). Countries whose ratings fall between 1.0 and 2.5 are “Free”, between 3.0 and 5.0 are "Partly Free," and those between 5.5 and 7.0 are "Not Free."

· Share of the autonomy in the population of the country · Share of the autonomy in the economy of the country

GRP of the autonomy divided to GDP of the country (%)

· Level of economic development of the autonomy

relative to the country (%): GRP per capita of the autonomy divided to GDP per capita of the country

· Share of the titular ethnic group in the population of the autonomy

in %: population size of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy divided to overal population size of the autonomy (the latest census; expert estimations)

· Ethnic peculiarity

It indicates a key characteristic of autonomy's ethnic identity - language or religion or both

· Diversity of ethnic composition

The presence of other (in addition to the titular group in the autonomy and the dominant group in the country) significant ethnic groups in the population of the autonomy

· Degree of self-rule of the autonomy

It is based on the Regional Authority Index project that aims at measuring the powers of all the regions in 81 countries. Here the index "tier_selfrule" (2010) is used. It summarizes five dimensions of self-rule: institutional depth; policy scope; fiscal autonomy; borrowing autonomy; and the extent to which a region has an independent legislature and executive. The index takes value from 0 to 18

· Degree of shared-rule of the autonomy

It is based on the Regional Authority Index project that aims at measuring the powers of all the regions in 81 countries. Here the index "tier_sharedrule" (2010) is used. It summarizes five dimensions of shared-rule: participation of a region in national law-making; intergovernmental meetings; the distribution of national tax revenues; borrowing; and constitutional change. The index takes value from 0 to 12

· The presence of the "kin-state"

"Kin-state" is a state whose main population shares the ethnic characteristics of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy

· Linguistic preferences

It indicates how the language of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy is learned in secondary schools in the autonomy

· Ethnic conflicts

It indicates whether the serious conflicts between the autonomy and the central government as well as between ethnic groups within the authority take place in 2001-2015. The level of conflict is determined on the basis of the annual reports of Conflict Barometer


  • One of the 29 states of India, Punjab is located in the north-west of the country. Historically, the territory of modern Punjab was part of a larger region that encompassed Haryana, Chandigarh, and the modern Pakistani province of Punjab. The region wa...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Asia | India

    Population: 24 359 000,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1947
    Autonomy area: 50 362,0 km²
  • One of the four provinces of Pakistan, Punjab is located in the north-east of the country on the border with India. This is the most populous and the second largest administrative-territorial unit of the country, whose center - Islamabad - is the capit...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Asia | Pakistan

    Population: 73 621 290,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1970
    Autonomy area: 204 344,0 km²
  • One of 10 provinces of Canada, located in the east of the country. In the south, it borders on the USA. It has the biggest area and the second largest population in the Canadian provinces. The province was established in 1867 with the signing of The Br...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    America | Canada

    Population: 7 815 955,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1982
    Autonomy area: 1 542 056,0 km²
  • One of the seven ethnic states of Myanmar. Geographically i is a part of the territories of Lower Burma. Rakhine is located in the south-west of the country and has a border with Bangladesh. This autonomy is the second poorest state in Myanmar. The tit...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Asia | Myanmar

    Population: 3 188 963,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1974
    Autonomy area: 36 762,0 km²
  • One of the two entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), formed in 1995 as a result of the Dayton Accords, which put an end to the Bosnian war. The capital is the city of Banja Luka. The entity occupies about 48% of the territory of BiH, where more tha...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Europe | Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Population: 1 326 991,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1995
    Autonomy area: 24 857,0 km²
  • One of the 36 states of Nigeria. After gaining independence in 1960, three regions were established in the country, each of which was dominated by one of the three main ethnic groups - Yoruba (West), Igbo (East), Hausa / Fulani (North). This configurat...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Africa | Nigeria

    Population: 5 199 000,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1967
    Autonomy area: 10 361,0 km²
  • One of the autonomous Outer Islands in the Republic of Mauritius, in fact - the only real autonomy within the state, Rodrigues Island is located in the Indian Ocean, 560 kilometers from the island of Mauritius. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, in the...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Africa | Mauritius

    Population: 40 434,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 2002
    Autonomy area: 104,0 km²
  • Rotuma is the only administrative unit in Fiji with autonomous status. It includes the eponymous island and a group of small islands of volcanic origin, lying 300 miles (465 kilometres) north of Fiji, near the crossing of the conventional boundaries of...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Australia and Oceania | Fiji

    Population: 2 002,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1970
    Autonomy area: 46,0 km²
  • One of the 13 states of Malaysia, it is located in the north-eastern part of Kalimantan. In the XIX century, it was part of the British colonial empire. When deciding on the issue of the decolonization of Sabah, a project of its accession to the Malay ...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Asia | Malaysia

    Population: 3 206 742,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1963
    Autonomy area: 73 711,0 km²
  • One of the 13 states of Malaysia, it is located in the north-eastern part of Kalimantan. In the XIX century, it was part of the British colonial empire. When deciding on the issue of the decolonization of Sarawak, a project of its accession to the Mala...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Asia | Malaysia

    Population: 2 471 140,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1963
    Autonomy area: 124 449,0 km²
  • One of the five regions with a special status in the Italian Republic and one of the two located on the islands (the other is Sicily). Sardinia occupies the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea; it is situated to the west of Italy's conti...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Europe | Italy

    Population: 1 639 362,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1948
    Autonomy area: 24 090,0 km²
  • Historical area and region of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Became a part of Great Britain after the Law on Union was adopted in 1707. The movement for autonomy (devolution) unfolded since the 1970s. After the referendum in ...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Europe | United Kingdom

    Population: 5 295 403,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1998
    Autonomy area: 80 240,0 km²
  • It is a part of the region of Upper Burma. Shan is located in the east of the country, on the border with China, Laos, Thailand. The largest region in Myanmar (about 25% of its territory). The titular group - Shan people - make up about 75% of the stat...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Asia | Myanmar

    Population: 5 815 384,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1947
    Autonomy area: 158 222,0 km²
  • Sicily is one of the five regions with a special status in the Italian Republic and one of the two located on the islands (the other being Sardinia). Its territory includes the island of the same name, the largest in the Mediterranean, separated from t...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Europe | Italy

    Population: 5 002 904,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1946
    Autonomy area: 25 707,0 km²
  • One of the 29 states of India, Sikkim is located between Tibet, Nepal, and Bhutan. Geographically, the boundaries of the state are formed by mountain chains. From 1642 to 1975 there existed a monarchy headed by Choogyal on the territory of Sikkim. When...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Asia | India

    Population: 540 851,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1974
    Autonomy area: 7 096,0 km²
  • One of the four provinces of Pakistan, Sindh is located in the south-east of the country on the border with India. Sindh is one of the most important and successful regions regarding economic development; its administrative center - Karachi - has long ...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Asia | Pakistan

    Population: 30 439 893,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1970
    Autonomy area: 140 914,0 km²
  • One of the nine ethnic regions of the country. It was established in 1994 after the overthrow of the military regime of the Derg and the coming to power of the EPRDF (The Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front). It is located in the sout...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Africa | Ethiopia

    Population: 4 445 219,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1994
    Autonomy area: 279 252,0 km²
  • The largest region of the two autonomous regions of Nicaragua, which occupies about 20% of the territory of the country. It is located on the Atlantic coast of Nicaragua and is separated from the central part of the country by tropical forests and a mo...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    America | Nicaragua

    Population: 306 510,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1987
    Autonomy area: 27 546,0 km²
  • The autonomous region of the Republic of Sudan in 2005-2011; occupied about a third of the total territory of the country. Prior to Sudan's independence (in 1956), South Sudan had an autonomous northern administration and was under the protectorate...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Africa | Sudan

    Population: 8 260 490,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 2005
    Autonomy area: 619 745,0 km²
  • South Tyrol is an autonomous province (the second subnational level) inside one of the five Italian regions with a special status - Trentino-Alto Adige. Besides being formally a part of Trentino-Alto, it has more powers than the region and has an indep...

    Where is the autonomy situated:
    Europe | Italy

    Population: 504 643,0 people
    Year of the creation of the autonomy: 1948
    Autonomy area: 7 403,0 km²
« 1 2 ... 4 5 6 7 »
Autonomy population
Артикул: Все · 1920s (1) · 1940s (20) · 1950s (8) · 1960s (10) · 1970s (19) · 1980s (14) · 1990s (61) · 2000s (6)
Вес: Все · 2.0 (1) · 2.5 (1) · 3.0 (2) · 4.0 (8) · 5.0 (1) · 6.0 (6) · 6.5 (1) · 7.0 (2) · 8.0 (6) · 9.0 (2) · 10.0 (3) · 99.0 (106)
Цена:
Доля автономии в экономике страны: Все · . . 0-0,5% (36) · . 0,5-1,0% (16) · . 1,0-3,0% (26) · . 3,0-6,0% (14) · . 6,0-10,0% (7) · 10,0-20,0% (5) · more than 20,0% (7)
Уровень экономического развития автономии: Все · . 0-50% (25) · . 50-70% (16) · . 70-80% (13) · . 80-100% (20) · 100-140% (21) · more than 140% (13)
Доля титульной этнической группы в населении автономии: Все · 0-10% (5) · 10-25% (9) · 25-40% (20) · 40-60% (24) · 60-70% (16) · 70-80% (12) · 80-90% (14) · more than 90% (23)
Этническая специфика: Все · Language (56) · Language and religion (77) · Religion (6)
Разнородность этнического состава: Все · No (86) · Yes (53)
Степень самостоятельности автономии: Все · 06 (3) · 09 (1) · 10 (1) · 11 (5) · 12 (2) · 14 (6) · 15 (9) · 16 (1) · 17 (3) · 18 (2)
Наличие "Родственного государства": Все · No (124) · Yes (15)
Языковые преференции: Все · Compulsory (59) · No (9) · Optional (66)
Этнические конфликты: Все · No (80) · Yes (59)
 
The project is supported by the
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http://rscf.ru/en
Perm State University
Russia, 614990, Perm,
Bukireva street, 15
http://www.en.psu.ru/
Perm Scientific Centre
Russia, 614990, Perm,
Lenina street, 13a
http://www.permsc.ru/
Expert network for the
identity research
http://identityworld.ru/
Идентичность © 2009 - 2020
Description of parameters of autonomies Autonomy population

thousands of people; the latest census

Level of economic development of the country

GDP per capita in 2015 in current price in $

Political regime in the country

It is based on the Freedom House Index, 2015. All countries of the world are located on a scale from 1 (most free) to 7 (least free). Countries whose ratings fall between 1.0 and 2.5 are “Free”, between 3.0 and 5.0 are "Partly Free," and those between 5.5 and 7.0 are "Not Free."

Share of the autonomy in the economy of the country

GRP of the autonomy divided to GDP of the country (%)

Level of economic development of the autonomy

relative to the country (%): GRP per capita of the autonomy divided to GDP per capita of the country

Share of the dominant in the country ethnic group in the population of the autonomy

in %: population size of the dominant in the country ethnic group divided to overal population size of the autonomy (the latest census; expert estimations)

Share of the titular ethnic group in the population of the autonomy

in %: population size of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy divided to overal population size of the autonomy (the latest census; expert estimations)

Ethnic peculiarity

It indicates a key characteristic of autonomy's ethnic identity - language or religion or both

Diversity of ethnic composition

The presence of other (in addition to the titular group in the autonomy and the dominant group in the country) significant ethnic groups in the population of the autonomy

Degree of self-rule of the autonomy

It is based on the Regional Authority Index project that aims at measuring the powers of all the regions in 81 countries. Here the index "tier_selfrule" (2010) is used. It summarizes five dimensions of self-rule: institutional depth; policy scope; fiscal autonomy; borrowing autonomy; and the extent to which a region has an independent legislature and executive. The index takes value from 0 to 18

Degree of shared-rule of the autonomy

It is based on the Regional Authority Index project that aims at measuring the powers of all the regions in 81 countries. Here the index "tier_sharedrule" (2010) is used. It summarizes five dimensions of shared-rule: participation of a region in national law-making; intergovernmental meetings; the distribution of national tax revenues; borrowing; and constitutional change. The index takes value from 0 to 12

The presence of the "kin-state"

"Kin-state" is a state whose main population shares the ethnic characteristics of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy

Linguistic preferences

It indicates how the language of the titular ethnic group of the autonomy is learned in secondary schools in the autonomy

Ethnic conflicts

It indicates whether the serious conflicts between the autonomy and the central government as well as between ethnic groups within the authority take place in 2001-2015. The level of conflict is determined on the basis of the annual reports of Conflict Barometer

Description of parameters of autonomies