One of the nine ethnic regions of the country. It was established in 1994 after the overthrow of the military regime of the Derg and the coming to power of the EPRDF (The Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front). It is located in the south of the country and borders on Kenya and South Sudan. The capital is the city of Awasa. The autonomous status was ensured by the 1994 Constitution.
Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region is the most heterogeneous region in the country. The entire set of "Southern Nations" (Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples) should be considered as the titular ethnic groups. Overall 56 ethnic groups are officially recognized in the region. They differ from each other, among other things, on economic success. The largest can be considered the peoples of Sidamo, Gurage and Wolayta.
Unlike the dominant ethnic groups of Ethiopia (Amhara, Tigrayans), the "southern peoples" speak predominantly in the languages of the Cushitic branch of the Afrasian languages (while the languages of the Amhara and Tigrayans are linked to the Semitic languages). They are diverse in religion but mainly Protestants, Orthodox, Sunnis. "Southern peoples" account for more than 60% of the population of the region.
The Southern Ethiopian People's Democratic Movement (SEPDM) is part of the ruling alliance of EPRDF. The ethnopolitical situation in the region is relatively stable.