One of the 22 republics of the Russian Federation. It is located to the west of the Ural Mountains, in the extreme north-east of the European part of the Russian Federation.
In 1921, the Komi-Zyryan Autonomous Oblast was established within the RSFSR. In 1929, it became part of the Northern Krai with its center in Arkhangelsk. In 1936, the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was transformed into the Komi Republic. In 1990, the Declaration on State Sovereignty of the Komi ASSR was adopted, and two years later it was renamed the Republic of Komi.
The titular ethnic group is the Komi. Language is the defining marker of their differences from the titular nation of the country. The Komi speak the Komi-Zyryan language, which refers to the Permic branch of the Uralic family of languages. Komi are Orthodox Christians, but the original religion of Komi was paganism. There are also groups of Old Believers.
According to the results of the All-Russian Population Census of 2010, the majority of the population of the republic is Russian (65.1%). Representatives of the Komi people make up 23.7%. Meanwhile, the distribution of ethnic groups across the republic is uneven, the "North" is predominantly Russian (industrial regions where coal mining is of particular importance) and the "South" is where the Komi predominate.
The situation in interethnic relations in the republic is assessed as generally stable.